ASIAdocument.write(“” + m[today.getMonth()+1]+ ” “+ today.getDate()+”, ” + theYear + ” “);HOMECHINAWORLDBUSINESSLIFESTYLECULTURETRAVELSPORTSOPINIONREGIONALFORUMNEWSPAPERChina Daily PDFChina Daily E-paperChina Daily Global PDFChina Daily Global E-paperOpinion / Op-Ed ContributorsEditorialsOp-EdColumnistsContributorsCartoonsSpecialsFrom the PressForum TrendsTalk from streetDebateEditors Pick:Syrian refugeescyberspaceV-Day paradeshrimp scandalTPPEducation unfairness result of unbalanced developmentBy Wang Yiqing (China Daily) Updated:2016-06-01 07:58Comments Print Mail Large Medium SmallSenior high school students play with balloons to reduce stress at No 2 High School in Hengshui, North Chinas Hebei province, May 22, 2016. With the three-day 2016 college entrance exam beginning on June 7, students have entered the sprint stage of their studies. [Photo/Xinhua]The compulsory education for non-resident children in big cities is always a hot topic for debate at this time of year, because even as people call for greater fairness, the demand for school places in first- and second-tier cities is continually growing and, as a result, local education authorities apply ever stricter criteria for non-resident childrens enrollment in their schools.This year, Beijings education authorities have reiterated that they will enable every “qualified” child to enjoy local compulsory education. By “qualified” they are referring to a minimum of “five certificates” that the non-resident families must have: a childs parents or guardians must have Beijing employment certificates, Beijing residency certificates, a household registration booklet, a Beijing temporary residence permit and a certificate from the place where the family is registered that there is no one who can care for the child there.
Some districts of Beijing, impose even more criteria. For instance, the education authorities in Miyun district stipulate that besides the “five certificates” non-resident childrens parents must have paid social security premiums in Miyun district for more than one year, while the education authorities in Shijingshan district have said priority in school enrollment for qualified non-resident children will go to those families that have purchased property in the district.
The restrictions on compulsory education enrollment for non-resident children are only some of the capitals population control policies in recent years, as it seeks to ease the pressure on public services.
And Beijing is not alone in implementing such policies. For big cities that offer the best hospitals and schools, as well as the best job opportunities, the question is not whether they are willing to offer equal resources, but how many people they can afford to provide them to.
The metropolises have already reached their population carrying capacities. At the end of 2015, for example, Beijings resident population had officially reached 21.7 million, of which 8.23 million were non-native residents. The citys education resources are feeling the pressure.
Some people argue that it is unfair to treat children differently at the compulsory education stage depending on where their household is originally registered. But the fundamental problem behind this unfairness is limited resources.
Imagine the household registration system is abolished in one fell swoop, the foreseeable result is a huge and sudden influx of people into the biggest cities. Obviously it would be impossible for the local authorities to deal with such a situation.
Like many “unfair” social problems in China, the issue of compulsory education enrollment for non-resident students results from the unbalanced development in various regions.
On the one hand, striving for a better life is human nature, thus it is reasonable that people head for places with better resources and better opportunities. On the other hand, the residents already there are inclined to safeguard whatever they have.
But it doesnt help simply blaming some people for being “selfish” for wanting to hold onto the resources they enjoy when those resources are limited. But different from other issues stemming from the countrys unbalanced development, non-resident children do not voluntarily come to the big cities themselves, they come because that is where their parents are.
So the issue of non-resident childrens education is really part of the unbalanced employment situation in the country.
In most cases, people come to work and live in the big cities from elsewhere because there are more job opportunities. For some people who were born in the countryside and received education in the urban areas, even if they want to go back to their rural hometowns there are few job opportunities that provide a salary commensurate with their education level.
Dealing with these social problems at the root may sound like a cliché but it is only way to remedy the situation. Only when the authorities improve the overall situation of the less developed regions will the large-scale population migration to big cities slow.
The author is a writer with China Daily. StoriesElementary education sector provides biggest job opportunitiesPlease stop meddling with UK educationChina puts down more funds to subsidize compulsory educationEducation: Ways to relax before college examMost Viewed Todays Top NewsAsia growth pessimism is not warrantedHan a hero rebelling against research system?Education unfairness result of unbalanced developmentPassing on to others development lessons learned over the yearsManila has chance to reset bilateral relationsForum TrendsWhy is e-commerce so successful in China?Is it rude to eat on mass transit?Tips to manage stress when studying abroadWhy are Chinese students heading to the US?Should investment lessons be mandatory?How can doctors and patients regain trust?Are women-only buses discriminatory?ColumnistsObama leaves worrisome legacy of drone killingFestival drama peels layers of character who isnt thereFeatured ContributorsTurnball highlights China-Australia FTA as a valuable assetBloody curtain rising to greet US first-ever presidentStar BloggersMy best friend in China: 35th anniversary of China Daily By subeChina Daily is like a friend who stays with me in every mood in my life. If I am happy, I can write a blog and if I am upset, I can enjoy what others have said and let my feelings go away.China Daily, 35 years on: my memories By aixiI first discovered China Daily a few years ago. It was my first visit to China, and I was waiting for my tour guide to arrive.My vision for a smog-free China By eddieturksonI’ve lived in China for quite a considerable time including my graduate school years, travelled and worked in a few cities and still choose my destination taking into consideration the density of smog or PM2.5 particulate matter in the region.SpecialChina Daily, 35 years on: your memoriesPositive energy Leifeng laowai story2016 Happy Chinese New Year…| About China Daily | Advertise on Site | Contact Us | Job Offer | Expat Employment |Copyright 1995 -var oTime = new Date();
document.write(oTime.getFullYear());. All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.License for publishing multimedia online 0108263             Registration Number: 130349