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Updated:2013-12-03 19:57:53
Comments Print Mail Large Medium SmallBEIJING – China on Tuesday unveiled a development plan for 262 cities it identified as resource-dependent — those that are rich in natural resources — in an effort to guide their growth onto a more sustainable track.
The plan, the first national framework on sustainable development of resource-dependent cities, put the cities into four categories based on their resource sustainability — namely “growing,”  “mature,”  “declining” and “regenerative.”
Depending on their states, the plan outlines different growth tasks for the cities and pledges policy support to facilitate their restructuring and upgrading.
Yunnan, Liaoning and Henan are the top three provinces that have the highest concentration of such cities.
The latest plan came as decades of exploitation have dried up resources in some of those cities and left them saddled with problems such as environmental degradation, unemployment and heavy social security burdens.
“Resource-rich cities have made tremendous contributions to Chinas economic take-off, but the sacrifice they made is also huge,” noted Du Ying, vice director of the National Development and Reform Commission, in a press briefing on the release of the plan.
In Chinas resource-exhausted cities, around 70 million square meters of shantytown areas need renovation, 600,000 miners remain unemployed and over 1.8 million residents are living on subsistence allowances, according to the plan.
To tackle those problems and help the cities grow in a more sustainable manner, China in 2001 started a pilot in resource-exhausted Fuxin City of northeast Chinas Liaoning Province, where authorities introduced policies to encourage more diversity in the industrial structure, such as developing modern agriculture.
In light of the experience accumulated over the years, Tuesdays plan proposed to extend region-specific fiscal and policy support to the 262 cities to balance economic, social and environment development, including forming a resource pricing mechanism that can reflect environment costs.
For “growing” cities with vast resources to be tapped, the government will raise the threshold for exploration and step up evaluation on environmental costs, while emphasizing the introduction of emerging industries.
Cities with “mature” use of their resources should push forward with industrial transformation and upgrading while seeking to establish substitute industries that can act as their economic pillars.
For cities that expect “declining” resource dividends, efforts should mostly be made to create reemployment opportunities for the jobless, renovate shantytowns and deal with hidden geological hazards.
“Regenerative” cities that have freed themselves from their reliance on resources should continue optimizing their economic structure for quality growth, said the plan. The service industry in these cities should be advanced to make them more attractive to visitors.
The plan aims to basically complete the transformation task in resource-exhausted cities and establish a long-term development mechanism nurturing the sustainable development of the 262 cities by 2020.8.03KRelated StoriesNew reform to sustain 8-pct growth: economistSustainable futures at Beijing expoSustainable and quality growth to be achievedJiaxings new countryside project awarded for sustainabilityXi: China confident of sustainable economic growthSustainable development a responsibility for allHot WordsHelp PhilippinesMoon roverCameron in ChinaADIZCPC and reformChina and JapanShanghai FTZChina-EU summitFamily planningEye on economyPhotoYao Ming tries a smaller ballPictures of the year 2013: Moment of joyCameron posts selfie with Jack MaCaregiver,72, becomes husband and fatherBreaking taboos: Sex for the disabledFog pileup kills 4 in SW ChinaChinaBusinessRegionalWorldSportsCaregiver,72, becomes husband and fatherCleaners cut waste by eating leftoversSolutions necessary for rocket accidentsNew generation of tourists driving growthFormer Party boss of quake-hit city under probeTough crackdown on environment-related crimesChina failing to stamp out smokingChinese official retried for child rapeNew urbanization plan on the wayTeaming up against pollutersStaggered flu shot plan best, study saysChina looks for further reform in 2014Getting in the moodFighting Africas biggest epidemicTrading volume of futures hits recordGrowth of home prices slowsNormalizing trade may bear fruit for US applesIPOs cant happen too soonShipbuilders adrift amid troubled watersEU imposes duties on solar panelsDiesel exports up 78.6%Inflation expected to rise next yearChina to be Asias top retail economyCentral bank to support Chinas FTZUrban development exhibition in BeijingPlaces to enjoy autumn leaves in BeijingCKGSB MBA program celebrates 10th anniversary in BeijingHuangshan tourism festivalChina Hi-tech Fair (Shenzhen)China Specialty Products Fair held in SanmenxiaSanmenxia, HenanOverseas Chinese chase opportunities at home (CIEP, Shenzhen )Yangliuqing woodblock printsHamlet en pointeConference on International Exchange of Professionals (Shenzhen)Taiyuan and Yangquan get digital pilot city listingCameron posts selfie with Jack MaDetroit placed into bankruptcyCameron posts selfie with Jack MaPeople behind Arafats death to be namedJapan hopes co-op with US in ongoing TPP talksMilitary demonstration for UAE national dayUkraine protesters urge general strikeThai PM calls for peaceful solutionScissors dance competition in LimaCyber Monday sales set to hit recordAmazon testing delivery with dronesThai PM says willing to resign for peaceYao Ming tries a smaller ballMessi named best player and best LFP strikerMessi named best player and best LFP strikerRace of Champions postponedDaley dives into romance with a guyRonaldo laughs off Blatter apologyPacers wont rest on their laurelsBoshs barrage buries bobcatsRockets prevail in Texas shootoutDepleted Bucks end losing skidMcIlroy snatches victory from ScottChelsea and City lead pursuit of ArsenalTodays Top NewsAir identification zone beneficial to safetyPeacekeepers depart for MaliTalks to resolve trade disputesYuan overtaking euro in tradeChina challenges US on anti-dumping casesDetroit eligible for bankruptcyVideoBrazil: NSA spy scandal still stingsMost PopularSpecialLis Euro-Asia trip to boost co-opKey CPC meeting to deepen reformColumnsOp Rana Berlin Fang Zhu Yuan Huang Xiangyang Chen Weihua Liu Shinan…Media : |Ecns.cn|qstheory.cn|Peoples Daily Online|Youth.cn|China.org.cn|cntv.com|CRI.cn|CE.cn|Youth.cn| ChinaTaiwan.org|Partners : |State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs|QQ International|Peopleforum|workercn.cn|Portals : |www.panguso.com|www.goso.cn|Sina|Sohu|Tom|Tencent|NetEase|Hexun|Organizations : |China US Focus|FrenCham|CPAFFC|CPIFA|Gov.cn|eBeijing|AmCham|SwissCham BJ|…| About China Daily | Advertise on Site | Contact Us | Job Offer |Copyright 1995 -. All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.License for publishing multimedia online 0108263             Registration Number: 20100000002731